Our rich natural heritage is complemented by the
wealth of our history. Archaeological finds displayed in our museums
provide evidence of human existence in the area from prehistoric
times, and in the Cerkno museum a "flute" dating from
more than 4,000 years ago also points to a Neanderthal presence.
During Roman times, the region's importance as a frontier and position
on trade routes is indicated by the number of roads, forts, outposts
and settlements, a particularly well-preserved site being that of
Ad Pirum on the ancient trading route between Ljubljana and Trieste,
and where there is an excellent small Roman Museum at Stara Pošta.
The deep valleys and high mountains form a series of natural barriers
and boundaries in this corner of Europe, and succeeding frontiers
of peoples and empires are a constant yet varying thread in the
fabric of our history. This frontier heritage is evident today not
only in the many Roman remains, but also in the great strongholds
against Turkish incursions, a turbulent period of history that saw
the emergence of the national hero Martin Krpan, whose story of
resistance later gained additional significance in Levstik's 19th
century retelling. National resistance of the 20th century remains
tangible in the many sites of Partisan activity. The printing office
at Vojsko printed the only resistance newspaper in occupied Europe.
Our corner of the country is the crucible of modern Slovenia
it was here that Trubar wrote the first works in the Slovene language;
here too that the first Slovene language technical school was founded,
and the first Slovene Forestry Institute; and also here that the
Slovene Parliament has its origins in the first Assembly of Delegates
of the Slovene Nation.